Why is the Atlantic forest important?

And that is exactly what new research shows: the Atlantic Forest provides one of the most important opportunities for landscape restoration in the world. Restoring the degraded land with native plants would combat climate change, safeguard exceptional biodiversity and boost Brazil’s rural economy.

Conserving what’s left. Very little of the Atlantic Forest remains and what does is highly fragmented. The forests continue to be vulnerable to logging and agricultural expansion, particularly soy production. Habitat loss and hunting put many species in danger of extinction.

One may also ask, where is the Atlantic Forest? The Atlantic Forest (Portuguese: Mata Atlântica) is a South American forest that extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the north to Rio Grande do Sul state in the south, and inland as far as Paraguay and the Misiones Province of Argentina, where the region is known as Selva

Subsequently, question is, what is the climate of the Atlantic Forest?

Different from the better known Amazon Forest, the Atlantic Forest, although also a rainforest with an average rainfall of 2000 mm pa, is not so hot as the Amazon, with average temperatures that vary from 14 – 21 C. This contributes to the enormous variety of plants and animals that the forest shelters.

What type of ecosystem is the Atlantic Forest?

Atlantic Forest. The Atlantic Forest is one of the five most diverse hotspots in the world. This tropical and subtropical rainforest once stretched along the Atlantic Coast of Brazil from the city of Natal south to the city of Porto Alegro.

Why is the Atlantic Forest a biodiversity hotspot?

Despite large areas of the Atlantic Forest being degraded and lost, a lush biodiversity and a rich collection of endemic species are still the main features of the remaining forest area. About 40% of the vascular plants and 60% of the vertebrate species living here are endemic to the region.

How big is the Atlantic Forest?

The Atlantic Rainforest (Mata Atlântica) used to cover an area of 1.5 million square kilometers and extended between the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Rio Grande do Sul. Today it encompasses only 7% of its original size.

Why is the Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?

The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.

What biome is Rio de Janeiro in?

Atlantic Forest

Is there a rainforest in Scotland?

The Celtic Rainforests of Scotland, also known as Atlantic woodlands, form part of the wider western Atlantic woodlands of the UK. They are a habitat known as ‘temperate rainforest’. Temperate rainforest is a rare habitat worldwide – rarer even than tropical rainforests!

Are there forest fires in the Amazon?

There are still Amazon fires – though not as many Forest fires do happen in the Amazon during the dry season between July and October. They can be caused by naturally occurring events, like lightning strikes, but this year most are thought to have been started by farmers and loggers clearing land for crops or grazing.

Why is the tropical Andes endangered?

The largest fundamental threat to the preservation of the Tropical Andes and its species is the region’s growing population and subsequent increasing urbanization. In recent decades, large natural gas and oil reserves have been discovered in this region, making the biodiversity hotspot also a key industrial hotspot.

Why is the Amazon basin a unique region?

Biodiversity. The Amazon basin is home to the Amazon jungle, the largest and most biodiverse tropical rainforest in the world. Since tropical rainforests are the most species-rich biome, this makes the Amazon the largest collection of living species in the world.