Bloodborne pathogens (BBP) are pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood; these and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) can cause disease. Examples include hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood or OPIM.
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, and most notably Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Also, what is BBP training? What are the requirements of Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) Training? You are required to provide employee safety training on the hazards of being exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) while at work.
Besides, what is the most common BBP?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most common BBP in health care include the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C viruses (HBV and HCV).
What are 3 bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.
Who is at risk for bloodborne pathogens?
All health workers – including waste disposal workers, and emergency and safety workers exposed to the risk of bloodborne pathogens – are at risk of exposure. They should be immunized either before training or as soon as possible when at work, unless they are already immunized (15).
How can you protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens?
Work Practices to Prevent Infection Protect yourself by following these steps: Treat all blood and body fluid spills as if they were infectious. When providing first aid or CPR, protect yourself first, then treat the victim second. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment: gloves, goggles, etc.
Can urine contain bloodborne pathogens?
Urine, Feces, Saliva, Vomit, Tears, Nasal Secretions and Sweat cannot transmit bloodborne pathogens unless they contain VISIBLE BLOOD. An exposure can only take place if the pathogen can get into the body of the exposed person.
What is a bloodborne disease?
A bloodborne disease is a disease that can be spread through contamination by blood and other body fluids. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria. The most common bloodborne pathogens examples are HIV, hepatitis B (HVB), hepatitis C (HVC) and viral hemorrhagic fevers.
What is the best definition of bloodborne pathogens?
Blood means human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood. Bloodborne Pathogens means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
What are the four main ways that you can become infected with a bloodborne pathogen?
There are four main ways that you can become infected with a bloodborne pathogen. These include injection, skin abrasion, and sexual contact.
What is not considered a BBP?
Urine, feces, vomit, sweat, tears and saliva are not considered to be a risk for BBP transmission unless there is visible blood in them.
Can you get a disease by touching blood?
You can be infected with HBV, HCV, or HIV if you are stuck with a needle or other sharp object that has touched the blood or bodily fluids of a person who has one of these infections. These infections can also spread if infected blood or bloody bodily fluids touch mucous membranes or an open sore or cut.
What viruses attack the liver?
Viruses that primarily attack the liver are called hepatitis viruses. There are several types of hepatitis viruses including types A, B, C, D, E, and possibly G. Types A, B, and C are the most common. All hepatitis viruses can cause acute hepatitis.
Can dried blood spread disease?
It is. This is because certain bloodborne viruses can live for days outside the body and still cause infection. Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week. Work surfaces that become contaminated with blood or other body fluids* can expose you to a bloodborne disease through cross-contamination.
What is a BBP exposure?
OSHA defines a BBP exposure incident as contact via specific sites with blood or OPIM that results from the performance of a worker’s duties. A BBP exposure incident occurs when contact with blood or OPIM occurs in one of the following manners: Contact with the eyes, mouth, or other mucous membrane (eg, nose)
Is MRSA bloodborne?
Certain body fluids can contain bloodborne pathogens that infect humans and spread from person to person. The bloodborne pathogens of primary concern are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and MRSA.
Is HPV bloodborne?
HPV infection through abrasion of the skin or sexual intercourse causes benign warts and sometimes cancer. HPV DNA detected in the blood has been interpreted as having originated from metastasized cancer cells. Our data suggest that PBMCs may be HPV carriers and might spread the virus through blood.
Is Hepatitis AA bloodborne pathogen?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).