Retraction of the scapula is sometimes called adduction of the scapula. The scapula is moved posteriorly and medially along the chest wall. Muscles: rhomboideus major, minor, and trapezius are the prime movers. The muscles that protract and retract the scapula are antagonistic, that is, they have opposed actions.
Retraction is accomplished by the actions of the trapezius, rhomboids, and latissimus dorsi muscles. The elevation is accomplished by the trapezius, levator scapulae, and rhomboid muscles.
Similarly, what are scapular muscles? The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three groups of muscles: intrinsic, extrinsic, and stabilising and rotating muscles. The intrinsic muscles of the scapula include the muscles of the rotator cuff—the subscapularis, teres minor, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus.
Moreover, what is retraction of scapula?
It’s pulling your shoulder blades (the scapulae) in towards each other/towards the spine – WITHOUT shrugging up toward your ears. The opposite of scapular retraction is scapular protraction.
What muscles elevate the scapula?
Here’s why: the two main muscles that elevate the shoulder blade are the upper fibers of trapezius and the levator scapulae.
Why is scapular stability important?
Why scapular stability is important. Your shoulder joint does not act in isolation to create movement in your arm. The muscles of your shoulder and scapula (shoulder blade) act together to create all movements of the arm. Often the importance of strengthening the muscles controlling the shoulder blade is forgotten.
How is scapular Dyskinesis treated?
The mainstay of treatment for the scapular dyskinesis is physical therapy to relieve the symptoms associated with inflexibility or trigger points and to re-establish muscle strength and activation patterns.
Can scapular winging be fixed?
To fix winged scapulae breathing mechanics, abdominal muscles and the serratus anterior muscle must be retrained and strengthened to reposition the rib cage and reconnect it with the shoulder blades. Winged scapulae can be fixed!
How do you strengthen your rhomboids?
These five exercises help strengthen the rhomboid muscles and improve your posture. Prone lateral raise. Lie flat on your stomach on a mat or bench. Front raise thumbs up. Lie down on your stomach on a mat or bench with your forehead resting down. Scapular retraction. Rear delt flys. Scapular wall slides.
What is upward rotation of scapula?
Results. The middle and lower serratus anterior muscles produce scapular upward rotation, posterior tilting, and external rotation. Upper trapezius produces clavicular elevation and retraction. The lower trapezius assists in medial stabilization and upward rotation of the scapula.
What muscles pull the scapula down?
To achieve the correct scapular position, you need to use your mid and lower trapezius muscles to retract the shoulder and pull the scapula down medially.
What muscles are scapular stabilizers?
These are the muscles that surround the scapula (shoulder blade) and, along with the rotator cuff, are crucial in maintaining normal function and biomechanics of the shoulder joint. The muscle that make up the scapular stabilizers group are the: serratus anterior, upper/middle/lower trapezius, and levator scapula.
Do you retract your scapula when squatting?
Bench and squat are really the only exercises on your list where you should maintain a static retracted scapula. For OHP, you want to use your upper back for stability, but you can’t keep your scapula retracted and complete the movement.
What is protraction and retraction of shoulder?
Retraction/Protraction/Depression/Elevation. Scapular retraction refers to moving the shoulder blades (scapula) towards the spine. The opposite is protraction – moving the shoulder blades away from the spine. If you try to pinch your shoulder blades all the way together they will retract.