Different from the better known Amazon Forest, the Atlantic Forest, although also a rainforest with an average rainfall of 2000 mm pa, is not so hot as the Amazon, with average temperatures that vary from 14 – 21 C. This contributes to the enormous variety of plants and animals that the forest shelters.
And that is exactly what new research shows: the Atlantic Forest provides one of the most important opportunities for landscape restoration in the world. Restoring the degraded land with native plants would combat climate change, safeguard exceptional biodiversity and boost Brazil’s rural economy.
Furthermore, what is destroying the Atlantic Forest? Hunting is one of the major causes of biodiversity loss there, and in some areas many of the trees are left standing, the habitat though shrunk is somewhat intact. The Atlantic Forest of Brazil is very different from the region’s more famous Amazon Rainforest. Over 85 percent of the Atlantic Forest has been destroyed.
Just so, what biome is the Atlantic Forest?
The Atlantic Forest has ecoregions within the following biome categories: seasonal moist and dry broad-leaf tropical forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, and mangrove forests. The Atlantic Forest is characterized by a high biodiversity and endemism.
How big is the Atlantic Forest?
The Atlantic Rainforest (Mata Atlântica) used to cover an area of 1.5 million square kilometers and extended between the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Rio Grande do Sul. Today it encompasses only 7% of its original size.
How much of the Atlantic Forest is left?
The Atlantic Forest region is highlighted in orange. Of the 1,000,000km2 (386,000 sq miles) of original Atlantic Forest that once blanketed the coast of Brazil, just 7% now remains.
Why is the Atlantic Forest a biodiversity hotspot?
Despite large areas of the Atlantic Forest being degraded and lost, a lush biodiversity and a rich collection of endemic species are still the main features of the remaining forest area. About 40% of the vascular plants and 60% of the vertebrate species living here are endemic to the region.
Is there a rainforest in Scotland?
The Celtic Rainforests of Scotland, also known as Atlantic woodlands, form part of the wider western Atlantic woodlands of the UK. They are a habitat known as ‘temperate rainforest’. Temperate rainforest is a rare habitat worldwide – rarer even than tropical rainforests!
What biome is Rio de Janeiro in?
Are there forest fires in the Amazon?
There are still Amazon fires – though not as many Forest fires do happen in the Amazon during the dry season between July and October. They can be caused by naturally occurring events, like lightning strikes, but this year most are thought to have been started by farmers and loggers clearing land for crops or grazing.
Why is the Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.
Why is the tropical Andes endangered?
The largest fundamental threat to the preservation of the Tropical Andes and its species is the region’s growing population and subsequent increasing urbanization. In recent decades, large natural gas and oil reserves have been discovered in this region, making the biodiversity hotspot also a key industrial hotspot.
Why is the Amazon basin a unique region?
Biodiversity. The Amazon basin is home to the Amazon jungle, the largest and most biodiverse tropical rainforest in the world. Since tropical rainforests are the most species-rich biome, this makes the Amazon the largest collection of living species in the world.