The few fragments of forest which remain continue to deteriorate due to illegal logging, urban expansion and the illegal trafficking of wildlife. These threats are the same in every country which houses the Atlantic Forest, although the local pressures for each country are unique.
The forests continue to be vulnerable to logging and agricultural expansion, particularly soy production. Habitat loss and hunting put many species in danger of extinction. WWF is working in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina to encourage forest conservation and better management of protected areas.
Also Know, what is the climate of the Atlantic Forest? Different from the better known Amazon Forest, the Atlantic Forest, although also a rainforest with an average rainfall of 2000 mm pa, is not so hot as the Amazon, with average temperatures that vary from 14 – 21 C. This contributes to the enormous variety of plants and animals that the forest shelters.
In this way, what type of ecosystem is the Atlantic Forest?
The Atlantic Forest has ecoregions within the following biome categories: seasonal moist and dry broad-leaf tropical forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, and mangrove forests. The Atlantic Forest is characterized by a high biodiversity and endemism.
Is the Atlantic Forest a rainforest?
Atlantic Forest. The Atlantic Forest is one of the five most diverse hotspots in the world. This tropical and subtropical rainforest once stretched along the Atlantic Coast of Brazil from the city of Natal south to the city of Porto Alegro.
How big is the Atlantic Forest?
The Atlantic Rainforest (Mata Atlântica) used to cover an area of 1.5 million square kilometers and extended between the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Rio Grande do Sul. Today it encompasses only 7% of its original size.
Why is the Atlantic Forest a biodiversity hotspot?
Despite large areas of the Atlantic Forest being degraded and lost, a lush biodiversity and a rich collection of endemic species are still the main features of the remaining forest area. About 40% of the vascular plants and 60% of the vertebrate species living here are endemic to the region.
Is there a rainforest in Scotland?
The Celtic Rainforests of Scotland, also known as Atlantic woodlands, form part of the wider western Atlantic woodlands of the UK. They are a habitat known as ‘temperate rainforest’. Temperate rainforest is a rare habitat worldwide – rarer even than tropical rainforests!
Why is the tropical Andes endangered?
The largest fundamental threat to the preservation of the Tropical Andes and its species is the region’s growing population and subsequent increasing urbanization. In recent decades, large natural gas and oil reserves have been discovered in this region, making the biodiversity hotspot also a key industrial hotspot.
What biome is Rio de Janeiro in?
Are there forest fires in the Amazon?
There are still Amazon fires – though not as many Forest fires do happen in the Amazon during the dry season between July and October. They can be caused by naturally occurring events, like lightning strikes, but this year most are thought to have been started by farmers and loggers clearing land for crops or grazing.
Why is the Amazon basin a unique region?
Biodiversity. The Amazon basin is home to the Amazon jungle, the largest and most biodiverse tropical rainforest in the world. Since tropical rainforests are the most species-rich biome, this makes the Amazon the largest collection of living species in the world.
Why is the Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.