How do you take care of a hemlock tree?

Plant hemlock in partial shade or sun, preferably in moist, well-drained soil. Do not place a hemlock near a foundation, because the tree can outgrow a site if it is not pruned annually. Avoid curbside plantings as hemlock is sensitive to road salt in winter. Amend the soil before transplanting to improve drainage.

These conifers grow best in United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 7; some species thrive in the coastal and mountain areas of the western United States, while others do best in the eastern U.S. Most hemlock species reach at least 30 feet when mature, although some dwarf varieties do

Likewise, how fast does a hemlock tree grow? They have a slow to medium growth rate of up to 24 inches a year, maturing to 50 to 70 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Don’t worry about their roots. According to Canadian hemlock tree facts, the roots are not likely to invade pipes or raise sidewalks.

In this way, how do you plant a hemlock tree?

Plant in spring or summer on well-drained, moist soils. Avoid hot, dry windy locations and areas where there is air pollution and salt spray, such as close to a road. Space plants 30 to 40 feet apart; closer for dwarf forms or if grown in a hedge. Keep trees well watered.

How do you prune a hemlock tree?

Select the branches before you start trimming so that you do not over prune the tree accidentally. Then make your pruning cuts just above the needle whorls. Hemlock trees will grow new branches from the needle wholes and pruning just above them will ensure that the new branches come in properly.

Are hemlock pine cones poisonous?

Like other types of conifers, hemlock develops cones instead of flowers. Hemlock produces individual male and female cones on the same tree (monoecious plant). Unlike poison hemlock, hemlock tree is not poisonous. Needles of hemlock tree contain vitamin C. They can be consumed in the form of tea.

Is a hemlock tree an evergreen?

Hemlock trees (Tsuga) are the Ferraris of the evergreen world — these graceful, drooping trees and shrubs are gorgeous additions to the landscape, but require very exacting conditions to do well.

How far apart do you plant hemlock trees?

Spacing and Pruning To achieve a suitably dense hedge, Canadian hemlocks must be spaced roughly 5 to 10 feet apart. They put on over a foot of growth each year, so they will quickly fill in and take on an established look.

What does hemlock tree look like?

Identification of the Eastern Hemlock. The Eastern Hemlock has a loose, irregular, feathery silhouette, with fine, lacy twigs whose tips tend to droop gracefully. This tree has short, flat, blunt, flexible needles, about 1/2 inch long. The needles are rounded at the tip, dark green above and pale silvery below.

Is Hemlock poisonous to humans?

It is very toxic and sheep, cattle, swine, horses, and other domestic animals are poisoned by eating small amounts of green or dried plant. It is also extremely poisonous to humans. Poison-hemlock is sometimes confused with western water hemlock, a more deadly species, because the names are similar.

What kind of soil do hemlocks like?

Hemlocks have moderate moisture needs, and prefer moist but well-drained soil. They have low drought tolerance, and grow better in shade than most conifers. Soil texture preferences vary among different species: western hemlock prefers medium textured soil, while mountain hemlock grows best in course soil.

Can you top a hemlock tree?

(Topping in general is stressful and also destroys the shape/natural strength and natural defenses of any tree.) Another consideration with hemlocks is that they are being attacked by a pest called the hemlock wooly adelgid over a broad area including the mid-Atlantic region.

Do hemlock trees lose their needles?

Although referred to by many people as “evergreens,” trees with needle-shaped leaves are better identified as a “conifers.” This conifer classification includes tree families such as pine, spruce, fir, hemlock, cedar and others. This family of trees is fully deciduous, meaning they lose all of their needles every fall.

Does hemlock grow in shade?

Unlike many large trees, Canadian hemlocks will tolerate (but do not need) quite a bit of shade. Their sunlight requirements thus give you a lot of flexibility with them, as you can grow them as anything from full-sun plants to shade plants.

Is Hemlock a tree or bush?

Large Hemlock Trees Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) is a tolerant, large evergreen conifer that grows between 70 and 120 feet tall. It is native to western North America and grows in zones 6 through 8 in both full sun and full shade.

Is Tsuga canadensis poisonous?

Although sometimes confused (in name) with Poison Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock is not toxic to humans and makes a delicious, Vitamin C-rich tea.

What is Hemlock good for?

Despite serious safety concerns, hemlock leaves, root, and seeds are used to make medicine. It is used for breathing problems including bronchitis, whooping cough, and asthma; and for painful conditions including teething in children, swollen and painful joints, and cramps. Hemlock is also used for anxiety and mania.

How long do Canadian hemlocks live?

Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), also called Canada hemlock or hemlock spruce, is a slow-growing long-lived tree which unlike many trees grows well in shade. It may take 250 to 300 years to reach maturity and may live for 800 years or more.

What does a hemlock tree symbolize?

The hemlock species known as ‘Tsuga sieboldii’ is a type of coniferous tree that has sacred meaning to adherents of some pagan religions and symbolizes protection and healing. This toxic nature has caused the hemlock to be associated with death and danger.